TYPES OF CHILD ABUSE

CHILD ABUSE INVOLVES A MISUSE OF POWER AND A BREACH OF TRUST BY A PERSON OVER A CHILD IN A MORE VULNERABLE POSITION. THE ABUSE CAN BE A ONE-TIME EVENT OR A PATTERN OCCURRING OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME.

PHYSICAL ABUSE

Physical abuse occurs when a person in a position of trust or authority purposefully injures or threatens to injure a child or youth (Canadian Red Cross, n.d.). Physical abuse includes, but is not limited to, the deliberate hurting of a child as a result of excessive discipline by hitting, slapping, kicking, burning, and shaking. Physical abuse is an act of commission.

NEGLECT

Physical neglect is the failure of an adult to adequately protect a child from harm, to supervise well, or to provide for the child’s basic needs. This includes, but is not limited to, provision of clothes, food, safety, medical needs and development. Neglect is an act of omission.

SEXUAL ABUSE

Child sexual abuse takes place when an older or more powerful person, often in a position of authority, uses a child for personal sexual gratification, with or without the child’s consent.

EXPOSURE TO DOMESTIC ABUSE

Exposure to family violence is when children or youth witness violence by one family member to another (Red Cross, n.d).

EMOTIONAL ABUSE

Emotional abuse is a chronic attack on a child or youth’s self-esteem by a person in a position of trust or authority (Red Cross, n.d). Emotional abuse harms a child’s mental well-being, demeans him through verbal attacks, name-calling, swearing, humiliation, rejection, exploiting, ignoring or exposure to domestic violence.

FIND HELP

If you are in immediate danger please dial 911. Help is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week (including holidays)